Environment & Climate Change

Rapid urbanization, growth in GDP and per capita incomes, rising aspirations in the emerging economies are leading to rapid motorization. The number of vehicles in China has grown from 5.5million in 1990 to 37 million in 2006 and is projected to increase to 270 million by 2030 (IEA, 2007); whereas, in India the number has grown from 19 million in 1990(World Energy Outlook, 2007) to some 72 million in 2006 and is expected to increase to 373 million by 2035 (ADB, 2006).  

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Finance & Economics

Transport infrastructure plays a central role to economic and social development of a country or region. A recurring problem with transport infrastructure investments however, is the shortage of funds to build, upgrade and maintain transportation networks. The Finance & Economics theme addresses core issues for transport specialists related to exactly this challenge. 

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Governance

Governance is a term riddled with ambiguity. It is therefore crucial that a definition of the term precedes any discussion on this potentially amorphous arena. 

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Road Safety

The World Report on Traffic Injury Prevention identifies improvements in road safety management that have dramatically decreased road traffic deaths and injuries in industrialized countries that have been active in road safety. 

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Rural Transport

Rural Transport is a vital 'enabling' component of a developing country economy that will contribute substantially to the achievement of the high profile social and economic Millennium | Development Goals (MDGs). Rural Transport comprises two distinct elements: Mobility and Transport Infrastructure. 

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Social Development

The impact of transport provision on social development is increasingly given explicit consideration in transport policy, planning, procurement and monitoring and evaluation. Tools such as the ILO-ASIST's Integrated Rural Accessibility Planning (IRAP) tool also recognise the importance of directly engaging the community, in order to ensure that transport infrastructure is appropriate for the real needs of a community, whether urban or rural. 

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Trade & Transport

This theme will explore concepts and knowledge resources that are available to policy makers in the areas of logistics, trade & transport facilitation, and transport corridors as vehicles for ecnomic growth and regional integration. 

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Urban Mobility

Throughout the world, most urban areas share similar mobility patterns due to rising incomes, increasing motorisation, densification and the outward growth of suburbs. Mobility is on the increase and with it comes increased congestion. This is overwhelming the operational sustainability of urban transport systems and is causing social, economic, and environmental imbalances and inequities. The challenge for towns and cities everywhere is to enhance mobility while at the same time reduce congestion, accidents and pollution. 

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