Personal mobility and access to adequate transport has a direct impact on access to essential goods and services such as education, healthcare and employment. Many of the poorest communities are also those with the fewest mobility options. This makes it even more difficult for them to access support and opportunities and makes it more difficult for governments to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, particularly reducing global poverty, combating epidemic diseases, reducing child mortality rates and introducing universal primary education.
Access to goods and services depends not only on the physical availability of infrastructure (such as tracks, roads, bridges) but also on access to vehicles and transport services, both public and private. Factors affecting access include location, cost, frequency of services, journey time and physical accessibility.
The impact of transport provision on social development is increasingly given explicit consideration in transport policy, planning, procurement and monitoring and evaluation. Tools such as the ILO-ASIST's Integrated Rural Accessibility Planning (IRAP) tool also recognise the importance of directly engaging the community, in order to ensure that transport infrastructure is appropriate for the real needs of a community, whether urban or rural.
Social development in the transport sector focuses generally on:
gTKP social development theme:
Social development is a broad and cross-cutting theme in gTKP that relates to and includes issues in other themes. Nathalie Pereira is the social development theme champion. You can contact her with questions, comments, suggestions and technical queries on firstname.lastname@example.org.
**gTKP focuses primarily on road transport in developing countries**