Access to Services and Opportunities
Material for this section was provided by Paul Starkey, Transport Consultant: firstname.lastname@example.org
Women, men, children and old people require access to supplies, services, facilities and opportunities. Basic needs for communities include water, power, food, health services, education and employment. People need access to markets and may wish to participate in civic, religious and leisure activities. Accessibility can be measured in time, effort and cost. It depends on infrastructure (availability of roads, footpaths, trail bridges, schools, hospitals, markets, water sources) and available and affordable transport options for people and their loads. Rural people often have to spend much time and effort to access basic necessities. The reduction of isolation and inaccessibility are fundamental to poverty reduction. The following paragraphs draw on the World Bank Technical Paper 525 'Improving rural mobility: options for motorised and non-motorised transport' (Starkey, Ellis, Hine and Ternell, 2002).
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