Traffic Calming strategies aim to reduce the speed and volume of traffic to improve safety for pedestrians and cyclists, as well as improve the environment. This involves more than just physical changes; it represents a process of social change requiring extensive community participation. Traffic calming measures comprise volume control measures (that reduce through traffic by blocking certain movements and diverting traffic to other streets).and speed control measures (that slow down traffic by changing vertical or horizontal alignment, or narrowing the roadway). Although largely beneficial, traffic calming measures can have drawbacks. This is especially the case in less-motorised countries, where traffic calming designs need to take account of the needs of large volumes of non-motorised vehicles, such as cycle rickshaws and handcarts.
Read more in the gTKP Urban Mobility Topic Information Sheet on Traffic Calming.